The Internet & The Web

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Key Terms

  • Applets: Programs designed to run from Web pages.
  • Applications: Complete standalone programs that reside and run on a self-contained computer.
  • Authentication: The process of verifying the identity of the receiver of the data.
  • ASP (application service provider): For a fee, will design your Web site and manage it on an ongoing basis.
  • Banner ad: Graphical ad, often with animation, placed in a prominent position on a Web page.
  • Cookie: A small text file that the Web server sends to the user’s browser and that gets stored on the user’s hard drive.
  • E-business: A concept in which orders are processed, credit is verified, transactions are completed, debits are issued, shipping is alerted, and inventory is reduced, all electronically.
  • E-commerce: A concept in which financial transactions are conducted by electronic means.
  • Encryption: Encodes the data to be transmitted into a scrambled form, using a scheme agreed on between the sender and the receiver.
  • ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers): A nonprofit corporation that took over the task of domain name management from the U.S. government in 1998.
  • In-house development: The development of a company’s e-commerce Web site by the employees of the company.
  • Middleware: Software that allows separate, existing programs to communicate and work together seamlessly.
  • Outsourcing: Giving a particular project over to another company.
  • Portal: An entry point Web page with links to other Web pages on some topic.
  • Site map (navigation bar): Can provide a high-level overview of your site architecture, plus make it easy to navigate (i.e., move from page to page) through the site.
  • Spoofing: The practice of impersonating a legitimate site for the purposes of stealing money or stealing identity by collecting confidential information such as credit card numbers, names, and addresses.
  • Stateless: No information about this exchange is permanently retained by the server.
  • Tags: Special characters in an HTML document that achieve formatting, special effects, and references to other HTML documents.
  • Taxonomy: How information is classified and organized so customers can easily find what they want.